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Tuesday, November 28, 2006

Duke Hoax: Statement Analysis, II

updated:

The false accuser, Crystal Gail Mangum, in the Duke non-rape case, gave investigators a written statement on April 6, 2006, that is a total fabrication. There are numerous discrepancies in Ms. Mangum's statement that need to be highlighted.

One discrepancy is that in a March 16th interview Ms. Mangum told Durham investigators, Sgt. Mark Gottlieb and Inv. Benjamin Himan, that: "Two males, Adam and Matt pulled the victim into the bathroom." However, in her April 6th statement Ms. Mangum says, "Adam, Matt and Brett grabbed me. They separated us at the master bedroom door while we tried to hold on to each other."

So here again, Ms. Mangum's story has changed between March and April. First, on March 16th, she said two men (Adam and Matt) pulling her into the bathroom, then on April 6th, she said it was three men (Adam, Matt and Brett) grabbing her at the master bedroom door. Himan used Ms. Mangum's March 16th interview statements for a probable cause affidavit in order to obtain a search warrant for the Duke party house and later for Ryan McFadyen's dorm room.

The March 16th and 27th, affidavits filed by Inv. Himan also do not indicated who said: "sweetheart you can't leave." The affidavits simply say: "Someone closed the door to the bathroom where she was, and said 'sweet heart you can't leave.' "

Ms. Mangum's memory apparently improved over three weeks, because in April Ms. Mangum was able to recall that "Matt" made that statement. But, she then forgot that he also closed the door to the bathroom, instead he grabbed her. Her written statement said, "Matt grabbed me and looked at me and said sweetheart you can‘t leave." This is one more indication of deception, because recollections of a violent crime do not generally improve over time.

Here below is an attempt to list some of the many other problems, identified so far, with Ms. Mangum's written statement. First, for reference are all the portions of Ms Mangum's fabricated written statement that have become public, as reported by the News & Observer, MSNBC, and 60 Minutes:

"We went into the bathroom and shut the door."

"Dan knocked on the door and asked if we wanted a drink. We said yes. He gave us a drink and we continued to talk."

"Nikki and I started crying."

"We ran out to the car screaming and crying."

"Nikki told me that they were sorry and that they were going to give us $1200 if we stay. Nikki and I got out of the car and went back into the house. As soon as we got back into the house, they were more excited and angry. They were screaming, 'We’re going to f you black bitches"

"Nikki and I started to leave again, and three guys grabbed Nikki, Adam, Matt and Brett grabbed me. They separated us at the master bedroom door while we tried to hold on to each other."

"The boys hit and kicked me. Matt grabbed me and looked at me and said sweetheart you can‘t leave. He grabbed the back of my neck and said I‘m going to kill you (BLANK) (BLANK) if you don‘t shut up. They started kicking me in my behind and my back. Matt hit me in the face while Dan and Brett kicked me."

"I heard Nikki on the other side of the door, and when Adam opened the door she rushed in and helped Adam to get me dressed. They dragged me out to the car because my legs couldn't move. Nikki said, "What happened girl, did they hurt you," I said yes, and she said that she would get help for me."

"She wanted to take me to Raleigh and drop me off. But I told [name redacted] to take me home. She said that she would call the police. She took me to the Kroger on Hillsborough Rd. to call the police. She tried to get me out of the car before the police arrived, but I was afraid to get out. When the police came, she pulled me back into the car, and the police took me to the hospital from Kroger parking lot.

7:27 p.m.
I want to add that Adam ejaculated in my mouth and I spit it out onto the floor, part of it fell onto the floor after he pulled his [redacted]

Other parts that have been released:

"Brett asked Nikki for a threesome with me"
Nikki said:"We need to stay and make more money"
List of some statement discrepancies:
  1. Ms. Mangum (Precious) frequently refers to Kim Roberts (Nikki) and herself as "we," or she says, "Nikki and I," this implies that the two women shared some bond. However, on March 14th and March 24th, Ms. Mangum made allegations against Ms. Roberts. She did not repeat those allegations in her written statement. She told the following stories regarding being victimized by Kim Roberts:

    • Ms. Mangum told the S.A.N.E. (Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner) nurse-in-training Tara Levicy at Duke University Medical Center that Kim Roberts/Pittman (Nikki) assisted the players in her alleged sexual assault and that Nikki stole all her "money and everything."

    • Ms. Mangum told Durham police officer Gwendolyn Sutton that Ms. Roberts had robbed her. Sutton's statementt said, "She also said that Nikki had stolen her money and cell phone."

    • Ms. Mangum also reported that Ms. Roberts robbed her to Officer Willie Barfield, who transported her from Durham Access to Duke Hospital. The News & Observer reported: "The woman told Barfield that 'Nikki' had taken all her belongings, including $2,000 in cash obtained by dancing at the party, her cell phone and her identification."

    • Ms. Mangum probably repeated the robbery allegation against Ms. Roberts to a News & Observer reporter on March 24th. But, the N&O declined to publish the allegation, because it was "clearly an opinion, offered without any substantiation," according to N&O deputy managing editor Linda Williams.

  2. Ms. Mangum does not mention that she was robbed in the public portions of her written statement. One of the crimes that she initially reported was robbery. The application for a search warrant listed "Common Law Robbery (N.C.G.S. 14-87.10)" as one of the crimes. Additionally, Ms. Mangum does not mention any of her missing property in her written statement. When the police returned with a search warrant for 610 N. Buchanan Blvd. they were looking for the following property belonging to Ms. Mangum:
    Property belonging to Crystal Gale Mangum to include but not limited to a purse, wallet, make-up and make-up bag, cellular camera telephone, and a [white] shoe.

    United States Currency totaling $400.00 or portions of said currency (all twenty dollar bills).
    Ms. Mangum had totally phased-out the crime of robbery by April 6th and forgotten about her missing property and stolen cash.

  3. In an interview with Ed Bradley for 60 Minutes, Kim Roberts refuted most of the claims Ms. Mangum made in her statement. Bradley read portions of Ms. Mangum's statement to Kim Roberts for the first time, and Ms. Roberts was surprised by the blatant lies that Ms. Mangum had told investigators. 60 Minutes reported:
    "Precious" says in her written statement to police that Roberts, who as you may recall went by the stage name "Nikki," was actually present when "Precious" says she was attacked by three men who called themselves Brett, Adam and Matt. When Bradley asked Roberts about this in the interview, she seemed surprised and confused that "Precious" would make such an assertion.

    "In the police statement she describes the rape in this way. 'Three guys – three guys grabbed Nicky,' that's you. 'Brett, Adam, and Matt grabbed me. They separated us at the master bedroom door while we tried to hold on to each other. Brett, Adam, and Matt took me into the bathroom.' Were you holding on to each other? Were you pulled apart? Is that true?" Bradley asks Roberts.

    "Nope," she replies.

    "Yeah. Her statement continues. 'I heard Nicky on the other side of the door. And when Adam opened the door she rushed in and helped Adam to get me dressed.' so she's saying that you helped one of the rapists," Bradley says.

    "She was never undressed as far as I remember. As far as I remember, she was never undressed," Roberts says.

    And, Roberts insists, she never assisted anyone in a rape, nor did she ever offer to engage in sexual acts with "Precious" and one of the alleged rapists, which "Precious" alleges in a statement she made that night.

    "And in her written statement 'Brett asked Nikki for a threesome with me' and she says you replied, quote, 'We need to stay and make more money,'” Bradley says.

    "I just don’t remember that conversation happening ever," Roberts says.

    Asked if it could have happened, Roberts says, "No, I did not say those words."

    "She goes on to say that when both of you went back in the house, she says, 'They were excited and angry. They were screaming, 'We’re going to f you black bitches,'" Bradley says.

    "I just don’t remember it that way at all," Roberts says.
    Video of Bradley interview - here

  4. Ms. Mangum identifies four men who assaulted her: Adam, Matt, Brett and Dan. However, only three men were indicted. Ms. Mangum said, "Adam, Matt and Brett grabbed me," and she also said, "Matt hit me in the face while Dan and Brett kicked me." The names of the three arrested men (Dave, Collin, and Reade) do not match any of the names in her statement.

  5. Ms. Mangum claims in the final April 4th police lineup that Reade Seligmann (identified by her as Adam) did nothing but stand in front of her and "made her perform oral sex." However, in her written statement she claims that Adam helped grab her and then helped her get dressed. The part about "Adam" helping her get dressed is, to say the least, very unusual. A gang rapist helping his victim get dressed does not sound like the typical behaviour of a violent criminal.

  6. There are no words or descriptions appearing in the written statement, so far, about Ms. Mangum being strangled, as was alleged in the March probable cause affidavits. The March affidavits said: "The victim stated she was hit, kicked and strangled during the assault." Kathleen Eckelt, a certified Forensic Nurse Examiner, said:
    By all accounts, the accuser was already three sheets to the wind, along with some help from the Flexeril, so what would have been the purpose of putting a choke hold on her? Most fraternity type rapes don't involves physical (as opposed to genital) injuries. Why punch and beat and kick? Why not just wait until she passed out on her own?
  7. There are no words or descriptions appearing in the written statement, so far, about Ms. Mangum being "pinched." Crystal Mangum told Nurse Levicy during the [SANE] checklist interview that she was "pinched," "pushed," and "kicked in my butt." Ms. Mangum denied to Nurse Levicy that she suffered physical blows by hands or that she was restrained or tied down in any way. She also specifically denied being choked. She specifically denied that fists were used against her.

  8. Ms. Mangum's claims of being hit, kicked, and strangled during the assault are not consistent with a gang rape scenario. Kathleen Eckelt said:
    punching, hitting, kicking, and choking are classic signs of domestic and interpersonal violence. Yet, you rarely see these types of injuries in victims of rape alone, even of gang rape, unless you're dealing with the anger-retaliatory or sadistic type of offender or an abduction/rape situation....Most rapists will only use the amount of force necessary to subdue and control the victim.
  9. There are no words or descriptions in the written statement, so far, about Ms Mangum scratching her assailant(s). That is how she lost her artificial fingernails, during a violent struggle in the bathroom, when she was clawing at her assailant(s). The probable cause affidavit said:
    She claimed she was clawing at one of the suspect's arms in an attempt to breath while being strangled. During that time the nails broke off.
    The scratching scenario was reenacted by Mike Nifong for Dan Abrams of MSNBC. For that matter, there is also no mention of broken off artificial fingernails in her written statement.

  10. Ms. Mangum never identified, during any of her lineups, the two lacrosse players who she said, "followed them to the car and apologized."

  11. She never identified the "three guys [who] grabbed Nikki," and dramatically separated Kim Roberts from her at the bedroom door as the clung to each other. This implies there are three unindicted co-conspirators.

  12. Sexual assault expert, Ms. Eckelt does not think Ms. Mangum's statement, "sweetheart, you can't leave," rings true. Ms. Ecklelt said:
    The statement, "Sweetheart, you can't leave," said at the time it was supposedly said, in the context in which it was supposedly said, did not ring true to me. In fact, when I first read it, it was like that "nails on a blackboard" feeling to me. It sounded very false...
  13. Related to the false sounding "Sweetheart, you can't leave," statement there were also no threats of harm made toward Ms. Mangum, warning her to keep quiet afterwards about the assault.

  14. Ms. Mangum says in her statement that she went back into the house under her own power. Specifically, she said: "Nikki and I got out of the car and went back into the house." However, Ms. Mangum told Nurse Levicy that she was carried back into the party house. The Abrams Report indicated that Ms. Mangum said:
    "Brett came out to the car and spoke to Nikki and she said get her out of her. Brett was carrying me on one side, Nikki on the other side. I kept telling them no."
  15. Ms. Mangum also made a remark to Nurse Levicy on March 14th that does not appear yet in her April statement. That remark made to Levicy, according to MSBC was:
    Nikki said girl are you down? I said no. I want to go home and see my kids. She said we need to stay and make some money. I wanted to leave. Something didn‘t feel right.
    "Something didn't feel right," describes the feeling you get after reading Ms. Mangum's statement. But, she does not seem to remember that feeling or her kids in her April 6th statement.

  16. Ms. Mangum does not provide any unique sensory details in her statement. Her statement is also missing emotional elements. Statement analysis expert, Dr. Susan H. Adams says it is "the presence of unique sensory details and the inclusion of emotions -- that accurately discriminated truthful statements from deceptive ones." "Screaming and crying" are not unique descriptors. According to the statement so far, Ms. Mangum was not hurt. She did she feel any pain, and she did not have any fear during the brutal attack. The absence of unique sensory details and emotional elements are certainly strong indicators of deception.

  17. Ms. Mangum does not seem to have a very long description of the criminal incident in her statement. Dr. Adams found that the length of the criminal incident section (longer is better) is another important indicator of truthfulness.

  18. Ms. Mangum did not indicate, in the public portions of the statement, that she passed out on the back steps of the party house for about 5 to 8 minutes. Time-stamped digital photos show her lying on the back steps between 12:37:58 a.m. and 12:38:18 a.m.

  19. Ms. Mangum added a comment or comments after she first wrote her statement. Specifically, there is the remark she added at 7:27 p.m. She said, "I want to add that Adam ejaculated in my mouth and I spit it out onto the floor, part of it fell onto the floor after he pulled his [redacted]."
    Ralph Thomas: "The more disorganized an account, the more the account is out of order chronologically and the more extraneous information is found in an account, the more the account becomes suspect."
    Ms. Mangum coming back later with this remark is another indication of deception. She remembered to add this remark in an attempt to keep her April 6th statement in agreement with earlier verbal statements.

  20. The number three is the liars number. Kathleen Eckelt: "Studies have shown that the number three is the liars number. When deceptive people have to come up with a number, they'll usually pick the number three. I was kidnapped by three men. I fired three shots. I was raped by three men."

    Ms. Mangum, of course, picked the number three as her number of assailants.
Statement analysis looks at both what is said and not said by an accuser. On both counts Ms. Mangum's statement fails to pass muster as truthful.

The bottom line is that since Ms. Mangum's entire written statement is one big lie, it is not surprising that almost every sentence falls apart under close scrutiny. Finally, why hasn't the main stream media fully disclosed Ms. Mangum's written statement and subjected it to expert analysis? Do they care about finding the truth?

Two (slightly different) official descriptions of the crime:

First, from Probable Cause Affidavit dated March 16, 2006 (search warrant for 610 N. Buchanan Blvd.):
On 3/14/06 at 1:22am Durham City Police Officers were called to the Kroger on Hillsborough Road. The victim reported to the officers that she had been sexually assaulted at 610 North Buchanan Blvd. The investigation revealed that the victim and another female had an appointment to dance at 610 N. Buchanan Blvd. The victim arrived at the residence and joined the other female dancer. The victim reported that they began to preform their dance in master bedroom area. After a few minutes, the males watching them started to get excited and aggressive. The victim and her fellow dancer decided to leave because they were concerned for their safety. As the two women got into a vehicle, they were approached by one of the suspects. He apologized and requested they go back inside and continue to dance. Shortly after going back into the dwelling the two women were separated. Two males, Adam and Matt pulled her into the bathroom. Someone closed the door to the bathroom where she was, and said "sweet heart you can't leave." The victim stated she tried to leave and the three males (Adam, Bret, and Matt) force fully held her legs and arms and sexually assaulted her anally, vaginally and orally. The victim stated she was hit, kicked and strangled during the assault and she attempted to defend herself, but was overpowered. The victim reported she was sexually assaulted for an approximate 30 minute time period by the three males.
The second, from the Probable Cause Affidavit dated March 27, 2006 (search warrant for Ryan McFadyen's dorm room):
On 3/14/06 at 1:22am, Durham City Police Officers were called to the Kroger on Hillsborough Road. The victim, a 27 year old black female reported to the officers that she had been raped and sexually assaulted at 610 North Buchanan Blvd. The investigation revealed that the victim and a co-worker had an appointment to dance at 610 North Buchanan Blvd. The victim arrived at the residence and joined the other female dancer around 11:30pm on 3/13/2006. The victim reported that they began to perform their routine inside of the residence. After a few minutes, the males watching them began to get excited and aggressive. One male stated to the women "I'm gonna shove this up you"1 while holding a broom stick up in the air so they could see it. The victim and her fellow dancer decided to leave because they were concerned for their safety. After the two women exited the residence and got into a vehicle, they were approached by one of the suspects. He apologized and requested they go back inside and continue to dance. Shortly after going back into the dwelling the two women were separated. Two males, Adam and Matt pulled the victim into the bathroom. Someone closed the door to the bathroom where she was, and said "sweet heart you can't leave." The victim stated that she tried to leave, but the three males (Adam, Bret, and Matt) forcefully held her legs arms and raped and sexually assaulted her anally, vaginally and orally. The victim stated she was hit, kicked, and strangled during the assault. As she attempted to defend herself, she was overpowered. The victim reported she was sexually assaulted for an approximately 30 minute time period by the three males...She claimed she was clawing at one of the suspect's arms in an attempt to breath while being strangled. During that time the nails broke off.
1 It is not clear where the investigators obtained the quote: "I'm gonna shove this up you." It presumably came from either Ms. Mangum, Ms. Roberts, or one of the players. Ms. Roberts gave police her statement on March 22nd. Ms. Roberts did not have that quote in her statement.

Here is the breakdown of where the portions of Ms. Mangum's April 6th handwritten statement have come from:
"We went into the bathroom and shut the door."1

"Dan knocked on the door and asked if we wanted a drink. We said yes. He gave us a drink and we continued to talk."1

"Nikki and I started crying."2

"We ran out to the car screaming and crying."2

"Nikki told me that they were sorry and that they were going to give us $1200 if we stay. Nikki and I got out of the car and went back into the house. As soon as we got back into the house, they were more excited and angry."2 They were screaming, 'We’re going to f you black bitches"3

"Nikki and I started to leave again, and three guys grabbed Nikki and Adam, Matt and Brett grabbed me. They separated us at the master bedroom door while we tried to hold on to each other."1,2

"The boys hit and kicked me. Matt grabbed me and looked at me and said sweetheart you can‘t leave. He grabbed the back of my neck and said I‘m going to kill you (BLANK) (BLANK)4 if you don‘t shut up. They started kicking me in my behind and my back. Matt hit me in the face while Dan and Brett kicked me."1

"I heard Nikki on the other side of the door, and when Adam opened the door she rushed in and helped Adam to get me dressed. They dragged me out to the car because my legs couldn't move. Nikki said, "What happened girl, did they hurt you," I said yes, and she said that she would get help for me."2

"She wanted to take me to Raleigh and drop me off. But I told [name redacted] to take me home. She said that she would call the police. She took me to the Kroger on Hillsborough Rd. to call the police. She tried to get me out of the car before the police arrived, but I was afraid to get out. When the police came, she pulled me back into the car, and the police took me to the hospital from Kroger parking lot. 3

7:27 p.m.
I want to add that Adam ejaculated in my mouth and I spit it out onto the floor, part of it fell onto the floor after he pulled his [redacted] 3

Other parts of the statement read by Ed Bradley:

"Brett asked Nikki for a threesome with me"
Nikki said:"We need to stay and make more money" 3
Crystal Gail Mangum Statement extracts obtained from:
1 'The Abrams Report' for June 19 - MNSBC
2 Lacrosse files show gaps in DA's case - newsobserver.com, Aug. 6, 2006
3 Duke Rape Suspects Speak Out - 60 Minutes, Oct. 15, 2006 [Ed Bradley interview or analysis of images of statement briefly appearing in video]
4 One MSNBC graphic was shown that indicated the (BLANK) (BLANK) was N----- B----, which would probably mean the words were "Nigger Bitch."

update:
Added remark made to Levicy regarding, "Something didn't feel right."

update 12/6/06: Added items #19 and #20.
See Kathleen Eckelt, Forensics Talk(12/3): Behavioral and Statement Analysis II
and Ralph Thomas, pimall.com: STATEMENT ANALYSIS NEW INVESTIGATIVE PROCESSES TO HELP YOU UNCOVER THE TRUTH

Liestoppers discussion of Statement Analysis

Duke Lacrosse Case - TJN Archives

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